The Basics of Football


Football is a game in which players on each team compete to move the ball down the field. Each team is given four downs, or attempts to gain 10 yards. If the team fails to do so, they will turnover the ball and the opposing team will take possession. Football games are split into four quarters of fifteen minutes, with a halftime break during the second and third quarters.

A touchdown is the biggest goal in football, netting the team six points. A touchdown is scored when the ball crosses the goal line between the upright posts. Another goal is to kick the ball over the crossbar, earning an extra point. Another scoring option is a field goal. If the ball is not in the end zone, a team may kick the ball out of bounds, a goal that will result in two points for the team.

In football, penalties can increase the number of yards an offense must travel before getting more downs. For example, a player may intentionally ground himself during a forward pass to avoid being sacked. A player can also intentionally touch another player, preventing them from making a catch. While this may not seem like an issue, it’s important to remember that a holding penalty can increase the amount of yards needed to advance the ball.

The sport of football has seen growth across the world. It made its debut at the London Olympics in 1908, and has been played at every Summer Games since. As the popularity of the sport continued to increase, the international body FIFA was formed in the mid-20th century to oversee the sport. However, the organization did little to promote the game in developing countries or explore the potential for commercialization in the post-war economic boom. Instead, the leadership of FIFA focused on regulations. The first major regulation involved confirming that the Olympics were amateur competitions, as well as banning players from illegal transfers.

The game is played between two teams of eleven or more players, depending on the league. The goal is to move the ball from one team’s end of the field to the other team’s end, over the goalposts, and into the opposing team’s territory. The players must be quick and accurate with the ball, and must have good hands and feet to be able to handle the ball well.

Football has an elaborate system of markers. There is a goal line, a 10-yard line, and end zones. There are also yardage markers at the top and bottom of the field, which mark each 10-yard intervals until the opposite goal line. Once a player crosses the goal line, they are scored. The score is called a touchdown, and the team that scores the most points is usually the winner.

In the United States, the game has evolved from rugby and soccer. In 1906, forward passing was introduced into the game. The new game was soon known as football.