The Basics of Basketball


Basketball is a game in which players try to score points by advancing the ball as it is tossed by a referee. There are several methods that players can use to advance the ball, such as passing, shooting, and dribbling. Players may also try to steal the ball from their opponents and play defense. These strategies can lead to personal fouls if a player makes illegal contact with their opponent. An illegal pick/screen is a violation of basketball rules that involves the use of a stick or a limb to block a defender.

In basketball, five players are usually on the court. Each player has a particular position in the court and plays either a forward or a guard. The player who plays the center position is the tallest player on the court. The other two players are the power forward and small forward. The point guard is the shortest of the group and is responsible for executing the coach’s game plan. The game may be played in two-on-two, three-on-three, or one-on-one.

The object of the game in basketball is to put the ball into a basket and score more points than the opposing team. The game is played on a rectangular court. The team that scores the most points wins the game. The game consists of four quarters of twelve minutes. The winner is the team with the highest points in all four quarters.

When an offensive player makes illegal contact with a stationary defense player, the player will be penalized. The violation will result in a throw-in. In basketball, the offense and defense must make sure that their opponents’ defenders do not touch each other, otherwise the player will be given the ball. The offense is not allowed to carry the ball when dribbling, nor can it cross the center line.

A game of basketball requires at least 10 players in order to be considered an official game. In 1891, Geneva College, located in Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania, introduced the game to its students. Later, the University of Iowa, led by H.F. Kallenberg, a professor of law, learned about basketball and presented it to his students. Later, he met Amos Alonzo Stagg, who later became the athletic director at the University of Chicago. The University of Chicago and the University of Iowa played the first five-on-a-side game in 1896.

A player may be penalized for a foul by a referee. A technical foul is any violation of the rules of basketball. It may be for failure to record a player in the scorebook, a lack of sportsmanship, or even an intentional foul. A technical foul usually results in one or two free throws, although a player may be disqualified if it is repeated. Another type of foul is called a flagrant foul. This is an intentional foul and involves excessive physical contact with an opponent. A flagrant foul in the NBA and other leagues is considered a disqualifying foul.