The Basics of Football


Football is a sport in which two teams of 11 players try to score points by moving a ball between the goals of their opposing team. It is played on a rectangular field (often known as a pitch) and has a variety of rules. The game originated in England but is now played worldwide, with more than 211 national associations playing it.

The players wear standard team uniforms and equipment that is designed to identify one team from the other. The uniform includes a team’s jersey and pants, and may include shoulder pads made of lightweight foam or hard plastic shells to protect the players from injury. Other equipment may also be required.

Special shoes are often worn to grip the ground and absorb shock as players run. The field is usually made of natural grass or artificial turf.

There are several kinds of kicks in the game, including field goals, which are worth three points; extra points, which are worth one point; and touchdowns, which are worth six points. The most popular type of kick is the field goal, which requires a member of the offensive team to kick the ball through the uprights behind the end zone.

A touchdown is scored when the ball is carried or caught by a player in the end zone and is worth six points. The other types of points are one-point tries, which are scored when the offensive team makes the ball into the end zone on a single play from the two-yard line, and two-point conversions, which are scored when the defensive team scores a goal by tackling an offensive player in their own end zone.

Defending the goal is very important to the game of football. There are a number of different players on each side who help defend the goal, including cornerbacks and safeties, who keep the other team’s offensive players from getting close to the goal area. The players on the defense also rush through the offensive lines, blitz the quarterback, and break up passing plays.

In addition to defending the goal, there are also other players on each side who help the offense by rushing or running with the ball as well as by receiving passes. The offensive players, called the quarterback, throws a pass to the running back, fullback, or wide receiver or hands the ball to them.

If the quarterback does not attempt a pass, the ball is handed to the running back, fullback, or receiver, who runs with the ball. The offensive player then tries to advance the ball further up the field, and a touchdown is scored if they can successfully run the ball over the goal line.

In order to improve their skills, football players must practice regularly. They should also try to watch other players on the field so they can learn how to change their play based on what is happening elsewhere on the field. Strength and endurance training are also essential.