The Basics of Football


Football is a game of strategy and skill. Its most basic feature is a ball, which is kicked or rolled towards the opponents’ end zone. This is known as a touchdown, which is worth 6 points. If the team is able to get the ball into the opponents’ end zone, they can score another two points with a conversion.

A field goal is a successful attempt at kicking the ball between the goal posts. The kicker attempts to make the ball go through the crossbar, which is an equivalent to the extra point. In the NFL, a touchdown conversion is attempted at the opponent’s 2-yard line.

Touchdown is the act of catching the ball in the end zone. There are several ways that a team can score a touchdown, including a kick, a run, and a catch. Some players specialize in one type of play, such as tight ends. Another type of player is the wide receiver, who runs over the line of scrimmage and catches a pass. Oftentimes, the offensive center or quarterback will throw a forward pass to the receiver.

Turnover is a missed pass, tackle, or fumble. Sometimes, a player can’t make a catch, so he or she must run with the ball to the opposing teams’ end zone, where they’re tackled. Oftentimes, the defenders will rush the quarterback. When this happens, a blitz may be used.

Punts are also an option. A team can punt the ball, which forces the other team to start farther up the field. However, a punt can also result in a touchback. Unlike a touchdown, a punt is only worth a touchdown if the team hasn’t reached its end zone.

A penalty is a call made by an official on the field. Typically, a yellow flag is thrown to alert the players of a foul. Most penalties move the ball away from the defending team’s end zone. However, some defensive penalties give the offense automatic first downs.

The huddle is a practice that started in the 1890s. This was introduced by Paul Hubbard, who wanted to avoid the competition reading his hand signals. While a huddle can still be seen today, it is much more common to see a coach or player use a challenge. Coaches can use challenges at any time during the game, although the coaches are only awarded two.

One of the most common types of penalties is an incomplete pass. An incomplete pass is called a “forward pass” that lands out of bounds before being caught. On rare occasions, an incomplete pass can result in a fumble. When a fumble occurs, a defensive player can pick up the ball and run with it until forced out of bounds.

Similarly, the kick-off is a type of kicking play. Instead of the kicker kicking the ball, a placeholder sets the ball up and kicks it.

Lastly, a two-point conversion is an attempt to kick the ball through the goal posts. This is often compared to the extra point.