taylor swift is an American singer-songwriter. Recognized for her songwriting, musical versatility and artistic reinventions, she is a prominent cultural figure of the 21st century. Her albums have influenced a generation of music artists, and she has also been an activist for social causes. Her celebrity has made her the subject of scholarly media, and she is an entrepreneur with a strong brand image that extends beyond her music.
Born Taylor Alison Swift on December 13, 1989, in Reading, Pennsylvania, she grew up in suburban Wyomissing. She developed an interest in music and began writing songs as a hobby. After winning a local talent competition at age 11, she moved to Nashville, Tennessee, to pursue a career in country music. She soon became one of the top-selling recording artists in America, selling more than 40 million records worldwide. Her success earned her numerous awards and accolades, including Artist of the Year at the American Music Awards and Global Icon at the Brit Awards.
Taylor’s first album, self-titled Taylor Swift, was released in October 2006. It received positive reviews from music critics and sold 39,000 copies during its debut week. She was the youngest solo writer and singer to have a number-one country single with her debut release, “Our Song”. She spent 2006 and 2007 promoting the album by appearing on television shows and as an opening act for other country artists.
With her second album, Fearless, Taylor stepped away from her country roots and into the pop genre. The album’s lead single, “Love Story”, became a hit on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. It also became the second-best-selling country album of the year. The album’s second and third singles, “Shake It Off” and “Blank Space”, also topped the charts.
By the time Taylor Swift released her third album, 1989, in October 2014, she had shifted even further away from her country music origins and into synth-pop territory. The album’s title track, the catchiest song of the year, reached number one on the charts, and the album itself sold more than 1.2 million units in its first week.
Many journalists credit Taylor with being a savvy businesswoman who has diversified her income streams by developing an impressive brand image that encompasses not only her music, but also various products and endorsements. For example, she has modeled for Abercrombie & Fitch and appeared in advertisements for Jakks Pacific dolls and the National Hockey League’s Nashville Predators. She has also designed a line of l.e.i. sundresses for Walmart and has launched two Elizabeth Arden fragrances. She maintains an active presence on social media and has cultivated a close relationship with her fans, which has helped her create a loyal following. She has leveraged this fan base to create lucrative partnerships with various brands and businesses.