Football is a team sport where players on each side of the field compete for points. Each team is allowed to have 11 players on the field, but if they have more than that, they are penalized. The game allows for unlimited substitutions, but players can only enter the field after the ball has been kicked or play has been stopped. The objective of the game is to score as many goals as possible. To score, players can use any part of their body, including their hands.
The biggest offensive goal in football is the touchdown. To score a touchdown, players must either carry the ball across the opponent’s goal line or catch a pass in the end zone. Once the ball crosses the goal line, it is a touchdown and is worth six points. Depending on the situation, teams can try to add one or two points to the score, known as an extra-point conversion attempt. While scoring a touchdown is a major goal, the game also includes other goals.
Football was originally a British sport, but slowly spread to other European countries. Amerindians played a version of the game that is similar to modern association football. It was also popular in the 17th century and has roots dating back to this period. It was popular in Britain for centuries before the game was adopted by the French. There are countless other historical references to the origin of the game. This article explains its development and how it got to where it is today.
In the late nineteenth century, professional football became legal. Three years later, the Football League was founded. At that time, twelve clubs joined the League. In the following years, the League expanded and saw more divisions. The British team continued to dominate football, but European clubs began to challenge their dominance. Women were excluded from playing football for many decades, but it was not long before they were able to play. In 1888, the first official game between a team of women took place in Inverness.
A free kick is a direct free kick awarded to the attacking team following a foul. The offending team must be 10 yards away from the ball to qualify for a free kick. There are different types of free kicks. Direct free kicks can result in a goal while indirect ones cannot. In 1891, penalty kicks were introduced. These are direct free kicks for the attacking team, from a spot 12 yards from the goal. All players except the goalkeeper and kicker must be outside the penalty area.
Until the early 1970s, FIFA was dominated by northern Europeans. Arthur Drewry and Stanley Rous headed the organization. Both had modest incomes from World Cup finals, but FIFA did not do much to promote football in developing countries or to explore the lucrative business potential in the postwar economic boom. During this time, FIFA focused primarily on regulation. In 1961, Guinea became the 100th member of the organization. By the early 21st century, more than 200 nations had registered with FIFA.